Mystery Monday: Enderquina

Every Monday we will post an entry that hasn’t yet been published with a view towards harnessing the collective onomastic power of the internet. If you have any thoughts about the name’s origin, other variants it might be related to, other examples of its use, etc., please share them in the comments! If you wish to browse other Mystery Monday names, there is an index.

Today’s name is one of those names that sounds like it comes straight out of a fantasy novel, but in fact comes straight out of 12th century Spain:

Enderquina

This is quite an interesting name, because we don’t have any other feminine name (and this is out of a data set of over 15400 feminine names!) that starts with Ender-. Our handful of masculine examples are all Low German forms of Andrew, which is quite an unlikely explanation in this context.

So we put it to you, dear readers: What are your thoughts? Have any suggestions about the origin of this name? Any other examples of the name? Any other feminine names beginning with Ender-?

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1 Comment

Filed under crowd-sourcing, dictionary entries, mystery monday

One response to “Mystery Monday: Enderquina

  1. Brian M. Scott

    Lidia Becker, Hispano-romanisches Namenbuch, Patronymica Romanica 23, Tübingen, 2009, p. 167, has an entry for the name under the headform Anderquina. The name appears several times in the northwest and north central regions in the 9th – 11th centuries, and she says that it appears to be a derivative via the Romance suffix -ĪNUS of the pre-Roman feminine name Anderca. This name and Andergus may descend from Celtic *an-dercos ‘blind’; she mentions parallels outside the Iberian Peninsula. In the northwest it had the variants Enderquina and Inderquina, and the question is whether we’re dealing with neutralization of the unstressed vowel or with medieval reflexes of two related pre-Roman names, Anderca and Inderca. She dismisses suggestions that Inderquina might be related to Basque indar ‘strength’ or that the second element might be from Gothic quino ‘woman’. Finally, she notes that the name is attested in the northwest until the late 15th century. The entry concludes with citations from 897 to 1074 in the northwest and from 759 to 1065 in the north central region; the latter include two of the form Andrequina.

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