Mystery Monday: Gluscudilum

Every Monday we will post an entry that hasn’t yet been published with a view towards harnessing the collective onomastic power of the internet. If you have any thoughts about the name’s origin, other variants it might be related to, other examples of its use, etc., please share them in the comments! If you wish to browse other Mystery Monday names, there is an index.

Today’s name is an early Germano-Gothic name from Iberia:


For such a strange name — a name unlike any other name we’ve ever seen — it turns up quite a few hits on google! But that’s because of the context it occurs in, a document from 10th C Gallicia important for all the other names it contains:


Image from one of the cartularies of the monastery of Sobrado (Galicia), which contains copies of documents dated in the 8th-13th centuries.

(Isn’t that beautiful…)

Many of the other names in this document already occur in DMNES entries; we’d love to be able to add Gluscudilum — if we can figure out its origins! Do you have any thoughts? Please share in the comments!


Filed under crowd-sourcing, dictionary entries, mystery monday

4 responses to “Mystery Monday: Gluscudilum

  1. Jörg Knappen

    I wonder how the letters GL were pronounced at that time, /gl/ or like in Italian or French /ʎ / ~ /lj/? I also wonder whether there is an alternative of reading it as a Latin nominative—a genitive plural “of the Gluscodiles” comes to my mind.

    With some caveats, one might identify a first element LIUT ‘people’ or LIOB “dear, love” and a second name element SCUD that is maybe related to the tribal name Scudingi or to the modern German word Schild “shield”. Scudilo is an attested Alemannic name (Förstemann 1900).

    • Jörg Knappen

      Replying to myself to correct an error: It is suggested that the Germanic stem SCUD means “shield” by matching it with Latin scutum. It is not cognate to modern German Schild “shield”.

    • You’re right: actually gl- evolved initially into l- in Galician: Latin glacies > Galician lazo ‘glaze ice’ (also Galician lubas ‘gloves’, from a Germanic language). So that gl-, in a 9th century document, could be another thing.

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